Additional Resources

Web Resources

Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation. 1947 Winner Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research. The Lasker Foundation.

Manuscript Collections

The National Library of Medicine. History of Medicine Division. Finding Aid to the Oswald T. Avery Collection, 1912-2005.

The Rockefeller Archive Center. Oswald T. Avery Papers, 1913-1983.

Tennessee State Library and Archives. Finding Aid to the Oswald Theodore Avery Papers, 1867-1970.


Severs, Vesta-Nadine, and Jim Whiting. Oswald Avery and the Story of DNA. Bear, DE: Mitchell Lane, 2002.

Maas, Werner. Gene Action: A Historical Account. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Hunter, Graeme K. Vital Forces: The Discovery of the Molecular Basis of Life. San Diego: Academic Press, 2000.

McCarty, Maclyn. The Transforming Principle: Discovering that Genes are Made of DNA. New York: W. W. Norton, 1985.

Dubos, René J. The Professor, the Institute, and DNA. New York: Rockefeller University Press, 1976.


Hotchkiss, Rollin D. "The Identification of Nucleic Acids as Genetic Determinants." The Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 325 (1979): 321-342.

"Miracles Born of Curiosity -- Payoff of 'Useless' Research." Chicago Sun-Times, July 26, 1981.

Russell, Nicholas. "Oswald Avery and the Origin of Molecular Biology." British Journal for the History of Science 21 (1988): 393-400.

Amsterdamska, Olga. "From Pneumonia to DNA: The Research Career of Oswald T. Avery." Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 24 (1993): 1-40.

Austrian, Robert. "Oswald T. Avery: The Wizard of York Avenue." The American Journal of Medicine 107 (1999): 7-11.

Lederberg, Joshua. "The Dawning of Molecular Genetics." Trends in Microbiology 8, no. 5 (May 2000): 194-195.